Billet du Prisonnier.

 

Billet du Prisonnier.

 

 

 

Bien délaissés maintenant, les évadés ont pourtant fait leur devoir de soldats et ils méritent notre admiration. Nous pouvons indiquer que les non démobilisés peuvent immediatement regulariser leur situation aux addresses suivants:

 

11, Boulevard Masséna, pour la rive gauche,

 

7, rue de Liége, pour la rive droite.

 

Ils toucheront leur péime de démobilisation, les allocations, forfaitaires et un rappel de solde du jour de leur captivité à la date de leur démobilisation. Ils passeront, en outre, une visite médicale.

 

Beaucoup de ces hommes ont eu pendant des mois, des années même, des vies errants par peur des dénonciations. Ils se trouvent souvent sans situation, sans papiers d'identité, sans cartes d'alimentation, parfois même sans vêtements suffisants. Un centre fonctionne à la Maison du Prisonnier, place de Clichy, pour les dépanner dans la mesure du possible.

La question de la prime d'évasion n'est pas encore décidée, nous souhaitons une solution prochaine, ce serait justice, d'autant plus qu'avant l'occupation de la zone dite libre les évadés touchaient des << frais d'évasion >>.

Enfin, certains d'entre eux portent la médaille des évadés, mais il s'agit de celle de 14-18, car rien n'est encore officiel. Nous transmettons ici le vœu des nombreux prisonniers en demandant qu'une distribution soit faire entre les évadés de France et ceux d'Allemagne, car si le départ présentait a peu prés les même difficultés, le voyage en pays ennemi était singulièrement plus dangereux, d'auiant plus qu'il pouvait durer plusieurs semaines; beaucoup ont échoué au passage de la frontière.

Il convenient d'honorer et d'aider ceux qui ont montré leurs qualités de soldat et leur amour du pays.

 

André Chanu

L'aube

Mardi 5 Septembre 1944

(Sainte Reine)

 

15e année No. 2.394

Rédaction - Administrations

49, avenue de l'Opera, Paris

Télelephone: OPEra 89-31

Extract from the popular French Newspaper 'l'aube' published September 5 1944.

It concerns escaped prisoners who have lived secretly in France for fear of 'denunciation' and do not have any papers, or recognition of their bravery.

There was a special reception centre for them in Place Clichy, Paris called 'Prisoners House'.

 

Note:                                    Rive Gauche = Left Bank             Rive Droite = Right bank of the River Seine in Paris.

History of the newspaper " L'Aube"     ( =   Dawn, Daybreak  , also a preists garment)

Georges Bidault was born in Moulins, France, in 1899. After being educated at the Sorbonne and working as a history teacher, Bidault founded the Catholic Association of French Youth and in 1932 helped to establish the left-wing newspaper, L'Aube, that campaigned against Fascism and anti-Semitism. In 1938 Bidault was one of the leading opponents in France against the Munich Agreement.

On the outbreak of the Second World War Bidault joined the French Army. He was captured during the Invasion of France in 1940. When he was released the following year he joined the Liberté resistance group that eventually merged with Verites to become Combat.

When Jean Moulin arrived back in France in January, 1942, he recruited Bidault to organize the underground press for the French Resistance. This included editing Combat where he worked with Albert Camus.

Bidault was involved in the negotiations that united the different resistance groups working in France and was present at he first meeting of Conseil National de la Resistance (CNR) on 27th May 1943. After the capture and killing of Jean Moulin in July, 1943, Bidault became president of CNR.

In March 1944 Bidault was the key figure behind what became known as the Resistance Charter. The document put forward an extensive reform programme that it expected to be implement once the war was over.

As head of the Conseil National de la Resistance Bidault organized the uprising against the German Army in August 1944. When Charles De Gaulle arrived back in France he appointed Bidault as foreign minister in his provisional government that he formed after the successful D-Day Landings.

Bidault became prime minister of France in 1946 and in 1949-50. Other posts included defence minister (1951-52) and foreign minister (1953-54) before becoming prime minister in 1958.

Bidault became increasingly conservative and in 1958 founded a new right-wing Christian Democratic Party. Bidault was furious in 1961 when Charles De Gaulle began negotiating Algerian independence and established the National Resistance Council. After advocating terrorism in France and Algeria he was charged with treason. Bidault fled to Brazil in 1963 and did not return until 1968. Georges Bidault died in Cambo-les-Bains on 27th January, 1983.


Source:   http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWbidault.htm